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WCIRDC Program Objectives

The program is designed to evaluate both clinical and basic science aspects of diabetes, obesity, and CVD, focusing on insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, fat cell, incretins, the gut, the brain, and energy metabolism. The goal is to understand pathophysiology, and to develop appropriate comprehensive clinical management plans.

Upon completion of this meeting, participants should be able to:


• Recognize the role of obesity in the development of cardiometabolic diseases, and its management based on a complications-centric model.


• Understand the roles of diabetes and insulin resistance in the development of kidney disease, retinopathy, and CVD.


• Recognize CHF as a consequence of diabetes, insulin resistance, and obesity, and understand contemporary management.


• Evaluate the extent of PVD and PAD in diabetes and obesity, and know their prevention and management modalities.


• Know the role of the kidney in energy metabolism, in diabetes, and in the development of CVD.


• Understand the role of the brain in energy balance and obesity.


• Address hypercoagulation and thrombosis as consequences of insulin resistance, inflammation, and diabetes; and be aware of therapeutic agents.


• Comprehend the relationships of circadian rhythm and sleep disorders to the development of insulin resistance, obesity, diabetes, and CVD.


• Be aware of the roles of inflammation and immunity in the effect of fat cells on the development of cardiometabolic conditions.


• Know how to manage insulin resistance in diabetes with lifestyle, oral medications, and insulin.


• Understand the role of lipids, in particular low-density lipoproteins (LDL), in the development of atherosclerosis; and the role of guidelines in directing management.


• Address the role of incretins, in particular glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), in the management of obesity & diabetes and their complications.


• Use sodium-glucose linked transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT-2i) in the management of diabetes, and recognize their role in metabolism.


• Be aware of obesity’s relation to food addiction, the role of taste receptors, hormonal response, and dopaminergic receptors.


• Understand metabolic control in the critical care patient.


• Provide comprehensive management of diabetes, obesity, hypertension, and dyslipidemia.


• Focus on polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) as a cardiometabolic disease.


• Understand the pathophysiology and complications of fatty liver disease.


• Evaluate the benefits and safety of anti-diabetic and obesity medications.


TARGET AUDIENCE: This course is designed for endocrinologists, cardiologists, gastroenterologists, oncologists, family physicians, internists, diabetologists, OBGYNs, pediatricians, dieticians, nurses, registered nurses, and any health care professional who is interested in insulin resistance and the interaction of multiple metabolic mechanisms, and the effect on health and society, as well as in potential treatment and prevention.

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